Welcome To Signs101.com: Largest Forum for Signmaking Professionals

Signs101.com: Largest Forum for Signmaking Professionals is the LARGEST online community & discussion forum for professional sign-makers and graphic designers.

 


  1. This site uses cookies. By continuing to use this site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn More.

Wind speeds, post sizes and hole size and depth for a 4'x8' panel ground sign

Discussion in 'Installation Equipment & Techniques' started by TimToad, Jan 30, 2019.

  1. TimToad

    TimToad Very Active Member

    2,568
    636
    113
    Jun 13, 2013
    CA
    Our City planning just kicked back a permit application for a double sided 4'x8' 3/4" thick MDO ground sign saying it needs 6"x6" posts installed into 24"x36" holes. The top of the sign is only 84" above grade.

    We are well inland from the coast and not subject to heavy winds. I tried to determine our Wind Speed and post requirements at the AThazards.org site and Engineering Express.com

    Is it just me or does this seem excessive?
     
    Tags:
  2. 2B

    2B Very Active Member

    3,049
    395
    83
    May 5, 2011
    TX
    the post size, yes that seems overkill.
    depth, no that is on par with what we do
     
  3. Gino

    Gino Premium Subscriber

    33,938
    2,499
    113
    Jun 7, 2006
    PA
    Ya hafta be ready for those freak conditions. Just like our flood insurance. We're in a 500 year plan and our neighbor to the back of us, who is only 6 inches lower in elevation than us, is in a 100 year plan. Their insurance is super high compared to ours.

    Are those holes to be back-filled or filled with concrete ??
     
  4. Billct2

    Billct2 Major Contributor

    7,517
    660
    113
    Mar 12, 2005
    New England
    at least they don't wanted a engineer stamped drawing
     
  5. TimToad

    TimToad Very Active Member

    2,568
    636
    113
    Jun 13, 2013
    CA
    I'm fine with the depth, we applied with 10' 4'x4' PT posts in 9"x36" holes. Even the 6"x6" posts they are demanding aren't a big deal. It's the freakin' 24" diameter hole x 36" deep holes that we object to.

    Their reply is like, "if you don't like it, go hire an engineer".

    Sure, add another $500 to the price tag for a non-profit just trying to get a reasonably priced sign out front.
     
  6. TimToad

    TimToad Very Active Member

    2,568
    636
    113
    Jun 13, 2013
    CA
    We will be using 5,000 lb. QuikCrete on this. When I did the calculator for the 24"x36" size and depth holes he is demanding, its 15x 60 lb. bags PER hole. That just seems like crazy overkill for a sign this size and less than 8' from grade to the top.
     
  7. bannertime

    bannertime Very Active Member

    2,160
    505
    113
    Sep 8, 2016
    No
    2x3 hole is insane! The sign is no taller than some privacy fences.
     
    • Agree Agree x 2
  8. unclebun

    unclebun Very Active Member

    Not sure why you'd need a concrete base that big for a 4x8 only 3 feet off the ground, nor a 6x6 post. I have a feeling they are builders (which is the situation we have here as well) who have no concept of how signs are done. I don't know what your soil is like, but here we have rocky soil with clay. For a 4x8, we use two 4x4's, each in a 24" deep hole dug with a posthole digger or if we want to be fancy a 12" auger, filled with concrete. Never had one blow or tip over in over 25 years of doing signs.

    Seems like you could put a 2'x3' concrete cylinder sitting above ground and the sign wouldn't blow over. And 6x6's for a 4x8 sign will look very heavy visually.
     
    • Agree Agree x 1
  9. unclebun

    unclebun Very Active Member

    Just figured out where they got 24x36 for the hole size from and the requirement for 6x6's. It's the minimum size hole you can do on this calculator, which also tells you that a 4x4 is undersized unless your sign is 4x7 or smaller if it's pressure treated fir #2. It does allow it if it's pressure treated #2 Southern Yellow Pine: https://www.engineeringexpress.com/sign-post-footing-calculator-2/
     
  10. Johnny Best

    Johnny Best Very Active Member

    3,563
    2,005
    113
    Dec 9, 2015
    buffalo ny
    It does seem excessive but the 7' above grade probably makes them think 6x6 dug in with 2x3 footer seems right to them.
    Unless your putting concrete in the smaller diameter hole would seem to work better. That's a lot of bags of cement to load up in the truck, #2 6x6 and 3/4" is a pretty heavy sign.
    Don't you get San Andreas winds or Santa Ana winds in CA?
    You know the old saying "you can't fight City Hall".
     
  11. TimToad

    TimToad Very Active Member

    2,568
    636
    113
    Jun 13, 2013
    CA
    I explained that the default on that website lists a 24"x36" as a minimum default setting.

    I can understand them running it through a calculator like that, which is what we do as well. They should be smart enough to know that its locked into a 24"x36" concrete filled hole as a default.
     
    • Agree Agree x 1
  12. TimToad

    TimToad Very Active Member

    2,568
    636
    113
    Jun 13, 2013
    CA
    We're nowhere near where the Santa Ana winds blow.

    I used the tools at ATHazards.org and chose a Risk Category 1 and 75 mph average wind speed over 25 years. Plugging those numbers in got an approval on a 4"x4" PT fir post in a 12"x36" hole, which we'd accept if its the only way the sign is going to get approved, but these guys are acting like we're putting up a building not a simple little monument sign whose top edge is only 7' above grade.

    We're one of the only sign companies in the area who even bothers to apply for permits. Probably half the signs or more in our town are unpermitted or non-compliant.

    The same bonehead held up a set of stud mounted dimensional letters with 4' studs going into a block wall because he needed to know the exact sheer strength of LEXEL.
     
  13. bannertime

    bannertime Very Active Member

    2,160
    505
    113
    Sep 8, 2016
    No
    My god, if you do it in open field, you'd need a 42in hole!
     
  14. 2B

    2B Very Active Member

    3,049
    395
    83
    May 5, 2011
    TX
    totally misread that original post about the hole diameter.
    yeah that is total overkill.
     
  15. Johnny Best

    Johnny Best Very Active Member

    3,563
    2,005
    113
    Dec 9, 2015
    buffalo ny
    Well if the city permit office wants you to dig a large hole with 6x6 posts and you know the “same bonehead” gave you a rough time on the sheer strength of an adhesive. Sounds like you are going to be getting a lot of exercise digging and lifting 60 lb bags of concrete.
     
  16. Old Timer

    Old Timer Member

    73
    12
    8
    Nov 2, 2018
    Livonia
    Post does seem a bit much although here in Michigan we are required to go 42" on the holes. In lieu of concrete, we use pea gravel to set posts
     
  17. TimToad

    TimToad Very Active Member

    2,568
    636
    113
    Jun 13, 2013
    CA
    You don't use concrete for permanent sign posts?

    I can understand digging to that depth in places where the ground freezes hard, but we're in a very temperate part of California where it rarely freezes and our soil is very well drained.
     
  18. unclebun

    unclebun Very Active Member

    Yes, depth of hole depends greatly on depth of the frost line. Otherwise when it freezes it will push the sign up out of the ground.

    It's funny, though, how these builder types have no concept of what is really holding the sign up straight and keeping it there. When I first started in the sign business here, sometimes when we put in a post for a sign we didn't use concrete at all. We used packed dirt. Had a vertical tamping rod and you'd put a shovelful of dirt in the hole and pack it down hard, put another shovelful in, pack it, and so on until the hole was filled. Those posts were in the ground! Never had one tip over. But I've seen plenty of signs where they augered a hole, put a sonotube in and filled it with concrete, but didn't take care to pack the dirt in. And a week later the sign tipped over in a mild wind.

    For that matter, when we've put up flagpoles, they don't go in concrete at all. They go in sand inside a PVC pipe that is set in the ground.
     
    • Agree Agree x 2
  19. TimToad

    TimToad Very Active Member

    2,568
    636
    113
    Jun 13, 2013
    CA
    After some wrangling but still not getting them to admit that they were ignoring the fact that on Engineering Express the default, built in size and depth hole is 24"x36" regardless of the other factors, they are now claiming today that "we're just trying to work with you" and have adjusted the acceptable details to 6"x6" PT posts set in 5,000 lb. concrete in 12"x39" holes. Exactly the size that Engineering Express approved if one goes in and manually changes the diameter of the hole.
     
  20. Gino

    Gino Premium Subscriber

    33,938
    2,499
    113
    Jun 7, 2006
    PA
    I just like a happy ending. :)

    Ahh...... how do they check if your hole is deep enough ?? Do they come out and inspect it before you can pour ??
     
Loading...

Share This Page

 


Loading...